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Tag Archives: Economics

Elmar Altvater In Memoriam

Elmar Altvater In Memoriam Elmar Altvater was a renowned political economist and professor at the Otto-Suhr-Institute of Freie Universität Berlin from 1970 until 2006. Until his death in 2018 he was a point of reference for several generations of students, left-wing academics and politicians, trade union activists, representatives of civil society organizations in Germany, across Europe and in Latin America. He became one of the few academics in Germany who...

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Les marionnettes de Milton Friedman

Les marionnettes de Milton Friedman Alors le capitalisme est-il curable ? La primauté à l’actionnaire (shareholder primacy) n’est pas inscrite dans ses gènes. Elle a prospéré dans les années 1980, quand la mort annoncée du communisme a donné des ailes aux partisans d’une économie de marché débridée. « Cela a causé tant de tort au capitalisme que même Lénine n’aurait pas fait mieux », ironisait Felix Rohatyn, figure historique de la banque Lazard … Plus les...

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Why policy design without theory is useless

Why policy design without theory is useless Taking into account the methodologies that support some policy practices that favour inductive reasoning and randomized control trials of impact evaluation (RCTs), there is a controversy around the utilization of these attempts to build experimental programmes or policy intervention … As the decision-making policy process in the real world relies on institutional factors that may be different elsewhere, the...

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Facebook’s digital currency Libra — just for suckers or a global economic revolution?

Facebook’s digital currency Libra — just for suckers or a global economic revolution? Mit 20 Partnern hat Facebook die digitale Weltwährung “Libra” angekündigt … Mit einem Schlag kann das Konsortium alle nur denkbaren Netzwerkeffekte im digitalen Zahlungsbereich ausschöpfen. Damit ist Libra unmittelbar und überall präsent. Eine globale ökonomische Revolution. Die Digitalökonomie folgt der Regel “The winner takes it all”. Wer die Netzwerkeffekte auf seiner...

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Do models make economics a science?

Do models make economics a science? Well, if we are to believe most mainstream economists, models are what make economics a science. In a Journal of Economic Literature review of Dani Rodrik’s Economics Rules, renowned game theorist Ariel Rubinstein discusses Rodrik’s justifications for the view that “models make economics a science.” Although Rubinstein has some doubts about those justifications — models are not indispensable for telling good stories or...

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IPA’s weekly links

Guest post by Jeff Mosenkis of Innovations for Poverty Action A very cool job market paper and explanatory thread, from Ph.D. candidate Matthew Klein. He, Bradford L. Barham, and Yuexuan Wu, link women’s household bargaining power to malaria rates in Malawi. They find that a one standard deviation increase in a woman’s household bargaining power implies a 40% reduction in chances that anybody in the household contracts malaria. They caution their ability to infer why this works is limited...

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Capital et idéologie — le nouveau livre de Thomas Piketty

Capital et idéologie — le nouveau livre de Thomas Piketty Que trouve-t-on dans ce nouvel opus imposant de 1 200 pages ? Il faut revenir sur ce qui a fait le succès du livre précédent : le constat empirique de la dynamique des inégalités sur une longue période. Le propos est à la fois plus historique – on remonte jusqu’au XVIIIe siècle – et plus large, couvrant de nombreux pays européens, en particulier la France et le Royaume-Uni, mais aussi les Etats-Unis,...

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Les entreprises baignent dans un océan de dettes

Les entreprises baignent dans un océan de dettes Mercredi 4 septembre, l’entreprise la plus fortunée du monde, Apple, assise sur son trésor de 200 milliards de dollars (180 milliards d’euros), a jugé qu’il était temps d’emprunter un peu d’argent. Elle a émis pour sept milliards de dollars d’obligations, des titres de dettes, alors qu’elle ne sait manifestement pas quoi faire de son argent. Au total, les entreprises américaines ont émis, pendant cette seule...

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Central bank independence — institutionalizing monetary handcuffs

Central bank independence — institutionalizing monetary handcuffs Imposing a hard target can bind the central bank, but the government must then act on failures to hit the target. Why would it if it is self-interested? If it does, that amounts to saying it is not selfish, which undermines the argument that independence is needed. The same argument can be used to deconstruct independence itself. Suppose independence is a solution to time inconsistency. Why...

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The pretense-of-knowledge syndrome in economics

The pretense-of-knowledge syndrome in economics What does concern me about my discipline … is that its current core — by which I mainly mean the so-called dynamic stochastic general equilibrium approach — has become so mesmerized with its own internal logic that it has begun to confuse the precision it has achieved about its own world with the precision that it has about the real one … While it often makes sense to assume rational expectations for a limited...

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