Tuesday , January 26 2021
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Tag Archives: Economics

The Keynes-Ramsey-Savage debate on probability

The Keynes-Ramsey-Savage debate on probability Mainstream economics nowadays usually assumes that agents that have to make choices under conditions of uncertainty behave according to Bayesian rules, axiomatized by Ramsey (1931) and Savage (1954) — that is, they maximize expected utility with respect to some subjective probability measure that is continually updated according to Bayes theorem. If not, they are supposed to be irrational, and ultimately — via...

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How Richard Posner became a Keynesian

How Richard Posner became a Keynesian Until [2008], when the banking industry came crashing down and depression loomed for the first time in my lifetime, I had never thought to read The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money, despite my interest in economics … I had heard that it was a very difficult book and that the book had been refuted by Milton Friedman, though he admired Keynes’s earlier work on monetarism. I would not have been surprised...

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The Core Significance of Taxation and Currency Sovereignty in a Nutshell

A government with the authority to tax can ensure acceptance of a particular currency. By nominating a currency in which income and wealth are to be assessed, and imposing taxes that can only be paid in the nominated currency, the government establishes a demand for the currency. This is true whether the government issues its own currency or instead adopts a currency issued by some other entity. But a government that adopts somebody else’s currency is reduced to the status of mere...

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Leontief’s devastating critique of econom(etr)ics

Leontief’s devastating critique of econom(etr)ics Much of current academic teaching and research has been criticized for its lack of relevance, that is, of immediate practical impact … I submit that the consistently indifferent performance in practical applications is in fact a symptom of a fundamental imbalance in the present state of our discipline. The weak and all too slowly growing empirical foundation clearly cannot support the proliferating...

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Skolval och segregation

Vi undersöker hur skolsegregationen rent hypotetiskt skulle ha utvecklats om alla elever gått i den närmsta kommunala skolan, och inte haft möjlighet att välja skola. I figuren visas denna utveckling med den svarta linjen. I början av 1990-talet gick nästan alla elever i den närmsta skolan och därför är skillnaden mellan verklig skolsegregation (blå linje) och hypotetisk skolsegregation (svart linje) inte så stor. Utvecklingen av den svarta linjen visar att skolsegregationen...

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IPA’s weekly links

The latest I’ve seen on the Uganda election is that ballot counting continues, I thought I saw police had disrupted counting at at least one location, and opposition candidate, singer Bobi Wine says the military has stationed themselves in and around his home without explanation. My boss, Annie Duflo, is profiled in the Wall Street Journal this weekend. Charles Kenny has a new paper and blog post out arguing aid would help the most people if it prioritized the poorest places first. He also...

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Scotland: a nation cannot be independent and use another nation’s currency or even peg to it

It is Wednesday and only a few points plus a sort of reflection on a recently departed musician. The few points really relate to the latest news from Scotland that it is thinking (once again) of seeking independence but using a foreign nation’s currency (one version) or pegging to another nation’s currency (another version. We should be clear – an independent Scotland requires its own currency, which it floats on international markets and has a central bank that sets its own...

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OECD is apparently now anti austerity – warning, the leopard hasn’t changed its spots

In the last week, we have heard from the Chief Economist at the OECD (Laurence Boone), who has been touted on social media as offering a fundamental shift in economic thinking at the institution towards fiscal dominance. This is an example of a series of public statements by various New Keynesian (that is, mainstream macroeconomists) who are apparently defining the new macroeconomics of fiscal dominance. The point is this. Within the mainstream macroeconomics there was always scope for...

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MMT-perspektiv på pengar och skatter

MMT-perspektiv på pengar och skatter Om stater inte alls behöver sina medborgares pengar, varför betalar vi då överhuvudtaget skatt? Stephanie Kelton: – Ponera att den amerikanska staten skulle slopa alla skatter utan att samtidigt skära ned på sina utgifter. Om jag inte längre behöver betala någon skatt kan jag såklart göra av med mer pengar – problemet är bara att ekonomin och dess samlade arbetsstyrka samtidigt endast har en begränsad mängd extra varor...

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Interview mit Stephanie Kelton

Interview mit Stephanie Kelton Kelton: Die Vorstellung, dass Staaten nur eine begrenzte Menge an Geld zur Verfügung hätten, kommt aus einer Zeit, in der die Währung in den meisten Ländern in der einen oder anderen Form an Edelmetalle wie Gold oder Silber gekoppelt war. Heute ist das nicht mehr so. Geld wird einfach gedruckt – genauer gesagt: im Computer erzeugt. Es lässt sich beliebig vermehren. ZEIT: Das klingt jetzt so, als würden Sie einem Kind sagen:...

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